Human beings have inhabited the Armenian Plateau and Caucasus Region since over 100,000 years ago. Little is known of them, however, drawings in caves and on rocks attest to their existence. The area, situated between some of the Old World's major water ways, is generally considered the cradle of civilization. Additionally, the Bible records that Noah's Ark came to rest on Historic Armenia's Mt. Ararat, and there are many references of his descent from the mountain after the Great Flood.
Archeological and historical facts point to the development of civilization in the region with the formation of the Urartu kingdom around 980 BC. Various Urartu rulers built capitals in the area, such as around Lake Van in the thirteenth century BC and that built by Argishti I in 782 BC, the ruins of which are preserved today in the Armenian capital of Yerevan. The first mention of Armenians in historical writings is found in inscriptions at Behistun, near the city of Kermanshah in modern-day Iran, which date to 600 BC.
Who are Armenians? Are they Europeans' ancestors, who, as a result of formation and migration of peoples, found themselves in Asia? Or are they Asians who have enjoyed the fruits of European and world civilization since ancient times? Who are Armenians? They are people who settled in a vast territory stretching from the rivers Tigris and Euphrates to the Arax and Kur (with a total area of 400 000 km2, an average altitude of 1800 m, an absolute altitude of 5165 m (Mount Ararat), populated one million years ago) and christened the Armenian Highland in their honor. They have built cities, given birth to brave soldiers, inspired miniature-painters and poets who have raised their voices to God through poetry, unsurpassed ploughmen whose fame has spread from Iran to California and beyond, singers who have sung mournful songs in the rocky fields of the highland and scientists who have uncovered the secrets of the matter.
Matenadaaran- is an ancient manuscript repository located in Yerevan, Armenia. It holds one of the world's richest depositories of medieval manuscripts and books. .Departure to Echmiadzin, the spiritual center of Armenia, where the holy seat of Catolicos is situated. The legend has it that Jesus Christ descended from the sky to show the place where he wanted a church to be built. The construction of the church began in 301, the year when Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as a state religion.
Visit St Hripsime church which is considered to be one of the 7 wonders of Armenia On the way back to Yerevan visit the ruins of the temple of Zvartnots. Zvartnots temple - the pearl of the 7th c. architecture which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage.
|St Hripsime church|
Visit Armenia, It's FUN
Haghartsin monastery is nestled in a temperate rainforest on a mountainside. It is one of those spots in Armenia that feels like you are walking through a huge, unreal movie set.
|Haghartsin monastery after reconstruction|
Castle of Tigranakert
Proceed to the Monastic complexes of Haghpat and Sanahin - included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. These magnificent samples of Armenian architecture are located on the picturesque canyon of Debet
See more information here Noravank
Khor Virap is translated into Armenian as A Deep Pit. Here in the deep pit Gregory the Illuminator was kept imprisoned for 13 years. But after curing the king from a grave malady he was set free and persuaded the kind to adopt Christianity as a state religion (301A.D.). It is situated in the Ararat valley against the biblical Ararat Mountain, were Noah's arch cast anchor. You will have a great opportunity to take pictures and enjoy unrepeatable view to the Mount Ararat.
Noravank was founded in 1205 by Bishop Hovhannes, a former abbot of Vahanavank near the present-day city of Kapan in Syunik. The monastic complex includes the church of S. Karapet, S. Grigor chapel with a vaulted hall, and the church of S. Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God). Ruins of various civil buildings and khachkars are found both inside and outside of the compound walls. Noravank was the residence of the Orbelian princes. The architect Siranes and the miniature painter and sculptor Momik worked here in the latter part of the thirteenth and early fourteenth century.
The Garni architectural complex (3rd century BC) was once a mighty fortress which stood on a rocky, triangular plateau rising steeply for the river Azat. The Armenian kings had been summering in Garni to escape the heat of the Ararat valley.
|Pagan temple and christian cross stone|
|Monastery of Geghard|
Tatev was one of the most important centers of Armenian art and science. Visitors easily get to the Monastery thanks to the longest reversible aerial tramway section in the world which is itself a great attraction.
Akhtala is a 10th-century fortified monastery located in the village of Akhtala in the Marz of Lori. The fortress played a major role in protecting the north-western regions of Armenia (Gugark) and is among the well preserved of all in modern Armenia. The main church in the complex is famous for its highly artistic frescoes covering not only the interior walls but the partitions and the bearings of the structure
Mozrovi caverns are located near Yeghegnadzor, Armenia.
Qarahunge the oldest observatory in the world (Zorats Qarer, dating 12000 years back)
Visit Armenia, It's FUN
комментарии могут оставлять и не зарегистрированные пользователи