Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the Biblical mountains of Ararat, upon which Noah's Ark is said to have come to rest after the flood. Culturally, historically and politically, Armenia is considered to be a part of Europe. However, due to its location (Armenian Highlands), we can say that it’s an intercontinental country.
The Kingdom of Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion.
Armenians call themselves Hay (Հայ) and the native Armenian name for the country is Hayastan. It has traditionally been derived from Hayk, the legendary patriarch of the Armenians and a great-great-grandson of Noah, who, according to the 5th-century AD author Moses of Chorene, defeated the Babylonian king Bel in 2492 BC and established his nation in the Ararat region. It is also further postulated that the name Hay comes from one of the two confederated, Hittite vassal states—the Hayasa-Azzi (1600–1200 BC). The exonym Armenia is attested in the Old Persian Behistun Inscription (6th c. BC) as Armina. The ancient Greek terms Armenía are first mentioned by Hecataeus of Miletus in 476 BC. Xenophon describes many aspects of Armenian village life and hospitality in around 401 BC.
Several bronze-era states flourished in the area of Greater Armenia, including Hayasa (1600–1200 BC), Arme-Shupria (1300s–1190 BC) and the Kingdom of Urartu / Ararat (1000–600 BC) successively established their sovereignty over the Armenian Highland. A large cuneiform lapidary inscription found in Yerevan established that the modern capital of Armenia was founded in the summer of 782 BC by king Argishti I. Yerevan is the world's oldest city to have documented the exact date of its foundation.